The History of Toilet and Water Saving Models

Before, people are not focused on proper hygiene and sanitary. Slops are just thrown outside their windows which are directly on a street. It is truly probable to mull over if toilet sink ancestor as night pot from porcelain provided to decent people or a typical bench through the fissure in it in France and similar functions in Germany.

Thomas Crapper is an Englishman who invented the usual toilet sink like the sink by a flash tank. Crapper was a technician in Chelsea and created a company that delivered Windsor and Buckingham palaces with sanitary equipment and water dispensing. His structure of economic and metered water flush to a variety of tank assured Crapper a place to the olden times of hygienic engineering.
Hygiene equipment like sinks, bidet, urinals and toilet sinks were the first samples that were made and came out in various countries and continents. Germans and Americans traditionally create toilet bowls in a large size and the construction of Italians is known for having molding and original décor. The Japanese created a toilet sink of a small laboratory liability examination.

In the long run, toilet sinks turn out to be more decorated, gilt, painted and colorful with molding. All of hygienic equipment remained created from faience and porcelain. In order to differentiate each other in the first glance is frequently hard even by the professional since the products are wrapped by enamel or color glazes.

Systematically, toilet sinks vary with their correlation toward water flush. There is slanting or horizontal flush in a wall and vertical flush in the floor. A bathroom with tanks as well as toilet sinks may separate as a toilet sink and tanks are increased individually and merged by a Monoblock. A Monoblock is easy to increase and low, but this is more costly compared to inaccessible models.

The traditional toilet sink is constantly escalated within the floor, but today, there are models of wall-mounted. They are being mounted collectively through an unseen tank, so all structure appears elegant and very light. In hygienic equipment, also in furniture, the style of form and its furnishings is an essential peak. Nonetheless, there is an assortment of designs in hygienic ceramics like retro, classics and avant-garde. There are also stylish tendencies.

The national classics of the origin of country take part in the formation of trendy collections of hygienic equipment. Making the impression of the style of retro like chains, different inscriptions and fixing details. On the handle of porcelain, Victorian Crapper’s reproduce flush tank with the following caption, “pull and go.”

Through analyzing the market of water saving models and modern hygienic devices and equipment, you may only consider apologizing to the ancestors as they lived in rain and frost just to take relieve their business. Water saving toilet models have gone a long way and they are now available in various styles to pick from. All you need to do is to choose the one that best suits your needs.

Oral Hygiene Problems in Africa

Despite of being a very large and populous continent, the African continent is still deprived of basic medical and dental facilities. According to the World Dental Federation, there is only dentist available for about 150,000 people. Unfortunately this condition is even worse in the far flung, least developed and rural areas of the continent. It has been estimated that about 70% of the African people are suffering from various types of orofacial diseases, which signifies the alarming nature of the situation of oral and general health among African people, and demands immediate and effective steps to find a solution and put an end to the misery of the inhabitants of this continent.

What Are the Oral Health Problems Faced by African People?

The most common dental problems observed among the African population are dental caries and periodontal problems. However, this is merely a generalization, and each African community faces unique dental problems, based on the socioeconomic standards, lifestyle and local environment. Some of the problems faced by the low socio-economic communities in Africa, according to severity, are:

Determinants of Dental Health Problems in Africa

  • In availability of Qualified Oral Health Personnel – there is a scarcity of qualified dentists in Africa, and those who are present, prefer to work in the urban and developed, thereby keeping the rural population devoid of dental care
  • Poverty – due to extreme poverty in the continent and the high cost of dental treatment, most people are unable to afford basic and dental healthcare facilities. In addition, most dental personnel prefer to work in the private sector which provides better salaries and benefits. As a result, the number of dentists available in government healthcare setup is insufficient to cater for the needs of the people.
  • Lack of Awareness – unfortunately, most people in Africa are unaware of the importance of looking after their oral hygiene, and the direct role of dental health on the overall physical health. As a result, very less importance is given to oral hygiene maintenance, resulting in an increased problems related to the orofacial region.
  • Logistic Problems – due to a poor transportation infrastructure and inadequacy of logistic support provided to the healthcare personnel, far lying regions and remote areas remain deprived of even dental care facilities.

The Solution

  • Development of National Oral Healthcare Plan – unfortunately, there is no national objective in place regarding oral healthcare. Hence, a unified National action plan should be implemented, which should be focused at providing quality dental services to the rural and less developed communities.
  • Financial Aid – due to extreme poverty in Africa, the World Health Organization, other non-governmental organizations and developed nations should step forwards and allocate funds for improving oral health faculties in Africa.
  • Inculcating Awareness Among Population – the efforts of Government as well as non-governmental organizations in uplifting dental healthcare cannot bear fruit, unless the people are made to realize the importance of looking after their dental health. Hence, awareness should be spread among people, so that more people seek the public dental facilities.
  • Continued Education of Dental Personnel – the dental healthcare personnel should be well trained and must be abreast with the current trends in dentistry employed throughout the world, so that they are better equipped in helping the African people overcoming their dental problems.

It is the need of the hour to focus on provision of dental healthcare facilities to the African population, and that too on emergency basis. This is because, not only poor oral health can lead to development of various dental problems, but also can also effect the overall wellbeing of a community. Every human on this planet deserves to be entitled to basic healthcare facilities including toilets.

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Grants $400,000 for Innovative Toilet Technology in Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa, which is considered to be one of the bastions of origin of life, continues to fall behind in terms of economic and health development. Massive population growth, extreme poverty, severe lack of employment, civil conflicts, and even corruption in the government have been blamed for the slow improvement in the areas of sanitation and water supply over the last 20 years.

Although the figures continue to climb–there’s more than 20% boost in water supply and around 3% for sanitation–it still doesn’t change the fact that millions still don’t have access to these basic necessities, especially latrines or toilets ( Check for best toilets reviews here ) .

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, one of the largest nonprofit organizations in the world, aims to change all that by introducing a very innovative method of sanitation that will not only resolve the poor health facility issues but will also deal with the challenge of obtaining more water supply.

How Will It Work?

First the foundation is extending $400,000 grant to Pollution Research Group, an organization currently being headed by Professor Chris Buckley and is presently based in University of KwaZulu-Natal. The main goal is to harness the wastes that can be derived from several ablution blocks built in some of the impoverished communities in Durban.

One of the first testing grounds for this initiative will be eThekwini, which is home to close to a million people and with an increased population growth of over 6% each year. Most of its adults are also out of work, which can partly explain the lack of proper sanitation facilities in the area.

The project is multifold, though the general principle is consistent: make the most out of the wastes and convert them into something useful for the community. With the help of the technologies including a chlorination process that shall also be designed by the PRG, they will be able to transform solid wastes like diapers into a vital component of fertilizers and flush water and urine into a potential source of water. In the long run, the system will be more sustainable as the converted solid wastes can also be utilized to heat specific components that form part of the entire technology.

The Initiative’s Impact on a Larger Scale

This practical way of addressing the problems of health and sanitation in the community can already have a huge impact in Africa and, to a large extent, the rest of the world. One, the foundation and PRG can work closely with other African-based organizations such as AGRA (Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa), which concentrates on providing support for small-scale farmers who are always plagued with issues on lack of water supply and poor quality of soil. The converted waste products can then be offered to these farmers to augment their own supply.

Second, if this initiative becomes successful, it can be replicated by other African communities and may be modified to work in other impoverished countries where the same access is lacking. Moreover, this may facilitate the reduction of human waste pollution, which is one of the major contributors of water supply contaminations in the world.

Philippines, South Africa Together Embrace Green Building Design

Although the media has portrayed the excellent bilateral relationship between the Philippines and its neighboring Asian countries such as Japan and, to a larger extent, the United States, the country has other allies in terms of economic and social progress. One of these is South Africa.

In fact, both countries have solidified such partnership more than 20 years ago not only by establishing embassies in each other’s countries but also in growing trade and employment. South Africa remains one of the reliable and long-standing trading partners of the Philippines while more than a thousand Filipinos have found jobs in South Africa, sending more than US$5 million to their families back home in 2011.

Granted, both are different in many ways, but we’re also similar in a variety of reasons. The poverty incidence between the Philippines and South Africa remains very high. According to the National Statistics Coordination Board, more than 27% of the Filipinos fell below the poverty line as of the first months of 2012. On the other hand, South Africa has an unemployment rate of about 25%.

And while both the Philippines and South Africa are immensely blessed by their rich culture and biodiversity, they are also two of the most at-risk countries in the world because of climate change. Aside from the increased temperatures over the last decade and the more unpredictable weather patterns, the residents of each suffer from poor housing structures, lack of preparedness, high poverty and inequality, and vulnerability to shortage of food and security, which further complicate their conditions.

Taking Steps

Progress of the Philippines and South Africa has been slow, but they are making steps. In terms of economy, the Philippines is preparing for a better entry during the ASEAN Integration in 2015 while South Africa is part of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) with a plan of creating their own bank and credit rating as a way of being less dependent on other superpowers such as the European Union and the United States.

In terms of sustainability, we’ve seen great efforts in adopting technologies and solutions that aim to significantly reduce waste of resources and energy, all as part of the growing green revolution.

Both have established councils to regulate, supervise, and promote sustainable building designs: Philippine Green Building Council and Green Building Council of South Africa.

The idea of green design, fortunately, has been receiving a positive response from various related industries such as architecture and engineering that we can already see “green buildings and homes” have become emerging trends.

As examples, in South Africa, the Vodacom Innovation Centre was one of the first buildings to receive a rating of 6-star Green Star SA, which means it’s already one of the most forward-thinking green buildings in the planet. With its main goal to reduce carbon footprint, it takes advantage of natural light to bring down heat loads and improve natural air circulation.

In the Philippines, Calyx Centre a Cebu Real Estate condo project in Asiatown IT Park, Cebu City, takes pride of being the first green hybrid building that almost eliminates unnecessary use of energy and fuel by offering spaces for home, work, and leisure. It also features unenclosed corridors to bring in natural light and improve fresh air circulation, CFLs for major lighting systems, as well as gardens for meditation and jogging paths.